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九年级英语同步测试Unit 2 Topic 3  

2009-09-08 18:31:43|  分类: 【英语试题】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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第一部分  听力 (20分)

Ⅰ.听句子,选择正确图片。每个句子读一遍。(5分)

1._____  2._____  3._____  4._____  5._____

Ⅱ.听对话,选择正确答案。每段对话读两遍。(5分)

(   )6.What does Jenny do to help protect the environment?

A.She reuses plastic bottles.

B.She reuses paper cups.

C.She reuses plastic bags.

(   )7.What does the boy expect Mary to do?

A.He expects Mary to give up working.

B.He expects Mary to cheer up.

C.He expects Mary to put up a sign.

(   )8.What’s outside?

A.A UFO.                   B.A stranger.                        C.Wind.

(   )9.Do the two speakers have any money?

A.Yes, they do.           B.The man has some.           C.No, neither of them has.

(   )10.What does the man advise the woman to do?

A.To give him some work to protect the environment.

B.To give him some advice about protecting the environment.

C.To help spread the message about protecting the environment.

Ⅲ.听短文,判断下面句子正(T)误(F)。短文读两遍。(5分)

(   )11.More and more of the earth is becoming desert all the time.

(   )12.Some green plants are very important to dry places.

(   )13.Land is becoming desert little by little because plants can’t grow there.

(   )14.Land is becoming desert faster than scientists can change it back into good land. It is the main idea of the first paragraph.

(   )15.After listening to this passage, we learn that plants can keep dry land from becoming desert.

Ⅳ.听短文,填空。短文读三遍。(5分)

The earth is our home. We must   16   it. Life today is easier than that of   17   years ago, but some new problems   18  . One of the biggest problems is pollution. We can see it, smell it, drink it and even hear it. Man has polluted the earth. The more people,   19   pollution. Many years ago, the problem was not so serious because there were not   20   people. Now man is slowly polluting the whole world.

16.________  17.________  18.________  19.________  20.________

第二部分 基础知识运用(55分)

Ⅰ.单项选择。(10分)

(   )1.—When _____ he leave for the city?

—He _____ next week.

A.does; will leave         B.does; leaves        C.has; has left               D.will; leaves

(   )2.—It’s a long story, but you can hardly find new words in it.

—Good! _____ it will be too hard for children.

A.So                           B.And                   C.But                           D.Or

(   )3.Students ought _____ the truth.

A.to tell                       B.tell                     C.telling                        D.told

(   )4.He is tall, _____ his son is short.

A.when                       B.or                      C.while                        D.and

(   )5.If we travel a short distance, we should walk _____ taking a bus. Then we’ll be greener people.

A.instead of                 B.rather                 C.while                        D.but

(   )6.She bought a skate board online _____ she saved a lot of time.

A.so that                     B.as soon as          C.such that                   D.no matter

(   )7.Every student is _____ to obey the school rules.

A.suppose                   B.supposed            C.should                       D.ought

(   )8.A farmer in England used animal waste to _____ his machine.

A.manage                    B.use                    C.run                           D.start

(   )9.You ought to return the book to the school library _____. Other students will borrow it.

A.at times                   B.in time                C.on time                            D.at the same time

(   )10.He is rich, _____ he is happy, too.

A.and                        B.so                      C.or                             D.but

Ⅱ.情景交际。(5分)

A: Hi, Jane. Would you like to help save the environment?

B: I’d like to.   11 

A: Well, first, you can start by turning off the lights when you leave a room.

B: Yes. That’s easy.   12   What’s next?

A: Second, you can ride a bicycle. Don’t take a bus or a taxi if you don’t have to.

B:   13   What else?

A: Third, try to recycle paper.

B: Mmm. Newspapers, magazines, we have a lot of paper at home. Good idea.

A: The fourth idea is to turn off the shower when you’re not using it.

B:   14 

A: Yes. Get wet, turn off the shower, put the shampoo (洗发剂) in your hair and then turn on the shower and wash it out.

B: Yes,   15   We have to save water.

A.But what can I do for you?

B.I think water is very important to us.

C.You mean when I have shampoo in my hair?

D.But what can I do?

E.That will save a lot of money, too.

F.Take a bag when you go shopping.

G.Sometimes I turn off the lights without thinking.

Ⅲ.完形填空。(10分)

Some people say they have a solution to the problems of car crowding and pollution. In many cities, hundreds of people   16   bikes to work every day. In the New York City, some bike riders have even founded a group: Bike for a Better City. They say if more people ride bikes to work, there would be   17   cars and less dirty air.

For several years this group has tried to gather help for bike riders. They want to have special roads   18   bikes only, because when bikes and cars use the same roads, there may be accidents. Bike for a Better City thinks if there were bike roads, more people would use bikes.

But no bike roads have been established   19  . Not everyone thinks it is a good   20  . Drivers don’t like it, and some shop owners don’t like it,   21  . And most people live   22    far from the city to travel by bike. Still,   23   has been done about it. On Saturdays and Sundays, the largest open park in New York is   24   to cars, and the roads may be used by bikes only, but the group still says this is not enough and goes on fighting   25   bike roads. I think there will be more bike roads in the future.

(   )16.A.on                       B.ride                           C.by                                   D.take

(   )17.A.fewer                  B.less                           C.many                        D.more

(   )18.A.until                     B.for                            C.as                             D.of

(   )19.A.yet                      B.already                      C.still                           D.once

(   )20.A.hope                    B.way                          C.help                          D.idea

(   )21.A.so                       B.and                           C.also                          D.either

(   )22.A.very                    B.quite                         C.too                           D.so

(   )23.A.everything            B.something                  C.anything                    D.nothing

(   )24.A.closed                  B.open                         C.opening                     D.closing

(   )25.A.get                      B.to get                        C.ask                           D.to ask

Ⅳ.阅读理解。(30分)

(A)

Have you ever stayed in a hotel? Most Chinese hotels often provide guests with things like disposable(一次性的) toothbrushes, toothpaste, shampoo and slippers.

Many guests like the idea because they don’t have to bring their own. But if you travel to Beijing, remember to bring these things of your own. That’s because some hotels in Beijing have no longer provided guests with these disposables (一次性用品). Many disposable things are made of plastic. People throw them away after only using them once. It’s a waste of natural resources (资源) and is very bad for the environment.

In Beijing, people throw away about 19,000 tons of plastic bags and 1,320 tons of lunch bowls every year!

Plastic can take 100 to 400 years to break down. So the less plastic we throw away, the better environment we will have.

So, wherever you travel, bring your own things and use them again and again. Back at home and school, you can also do something to make our world a better place. Try to do these things in your daily life:

Use cloth shopping bags, not plastic ones.

After using a plastic bag, wash it out and let it dry. Then use it over and over again.

Do not use paper cups.

At your school canteen (餐厅), use your own bowls and chopsticks instead of disposable ones.

根据短文内容,判断正(T)误(F)。

(   )26.Many guests like to use disposable things because they are very convenient (方便的).

(   )27.Some Beijing hotels have no longer provided guests with free TV programmes.

(   )28.Plastic breaks down easily.

(   )29.After using a plastic bowl or a bag, we’d better throw it away, because it’s too dirty to use again.

(   )30.We should use less plastic things and protect our environment.

(B)

Air pollution comes from factories, power stations and cars. Chemicals in the smoke from power stations cause a lot of damage(损害;毁坏). They can travel hundreds of miles in the wind before falling to the ground in the rain. And this “chemical rain” gradually(逐渐地)destroys trees in the forests and kills fish in the lakes. In Germany, over 50% of the country’s trees had been damaged by the year 1986.

Time and time again there are serious accidents that pollute the air. In 1986 there was a serious accident at a nuclear power station in Russia. A cloud of radiation flew across the whole Europe. It is said that 125,000 people died in Russia as a result of illness caused by this accident.

In 1984 there was a serious accident at a factory in India and a cloud of dangerous gas covered the town of Bhopal. Over 2,500 people were killed that night, and hundreds of thousands of people were injured (受伤的). Many of the injured lost their sight.

(   )31.Air pollution comes from _____.

A.factories                     B.power stations           C.cars                   D.all of the above

(   )32.According to the passage, which sentence is right?

A.Chemicals in the smoke from power stations can’t travel far in the wind.

B.“Chemical rain” is good for the trees.

C.Chemicals in the smoke from power stations are very safe.

D.“Chemical rain” is bad for our environment.

(   )33.In Germany, how many trees had been damaged by the year 1986?

A.A quarter.             B.A half.                       C.Three quarters.   D.A third.

(   )34.What was the result of the accident that happened in Russia in 1986?

A.Over 2,500 people were killed.

B.Many people couldn’t walk.

C.Many people lost their sight.

D.Compared with (同……比较) the accident in India, more people died.

(   )35.From the sentence “Many of the injured lost their sight.” we can know _____.

A.the gas covered the town of Bhopal at that time was poisonous (有毒的)

B.gradually the injured could see everything

C.many of the injured couldn’t see anything any more

D.Both A and C

(C)

It’s important to learn things about protecting environment. Here’s a 4Rs rule for us.

·Reduce

If you want to reduce waste, you should use things wisely (明智的). A large number of trees are being cut down to make paper. If everyone uses paper carelessly and then throws it away, soon we would not have any trees left. Some other things are also being wasted, and people don’t know what to do with waste in big cities, so it’s necessary to reduce waste.

·Reuse

You should always think of reusing the usable (可用的) things before throwing them away. Give your clothes or things you don’t use to the poor. In a family, you may pass such clothes on to your younger brothers or sisters.

·Recycle

Bottles, cans and paper can easily be recycled. By doing so we save lots of time and money, for example, cola cans are sent to a factory, where they’re smashed flat(压平)and smelted (熔化), and the metal things are made into new cola cans.

·Repair

If one of the legs of your table is broken, you can repair it. If you want to change for better ones, it’s better for you to sell the old ones or give them to other people who can use them after doing some repair.

(   )36.The “Reduce” rule mainly requires us _____.

A.to use things wisely                           B.to cut down many trees

C.to use paper carelessly                       D.to use more and more things

(   )37.What’s the right order of recycling cola cans?

a.smash them flat            b.collect the used cans

c.smelt them                   d.send them to a factory

A.a-b-c-d                B.d-c-b-a               C.b-d-a-c                     D.b-d-c-a

(   )38.The “Reuse” rule mainly requires us _____.

A.to throw away the old clothes

B.to collect waste paper and soft drink cans

C.to use both sides of paper

D.to give the old but usable things to the poor

(   )39.Which sentence is about the “Repair” rule?

A.When you leave a room, turn off the lights.

B.Take a cloth bag when you go shopping.

C.Don’t use plastic bags.

D.If your chair is broken, you can repair it.

(   )40.Which is the best title for this passage?

A.A 4Rs rule                                 B.Protect the environment

C.Save energy                              D.Good habits

 

第三部分 写作(25分)

Ⅰ.词汇。(10分)

(A) 根据句意及汉语提示完成句子。

1.We should reuse plastic bags __________ (而不是) throwing them away.

2.We can sort waste paper and soft cans __________ (以便) they can be recycled.

3.Many poor people live in the houses without __________ (用电的) light.

4.There are many _________ (毛巾) in the box.

5.I don’t know how to do it. Could you __________ (提供) me some useful advice?

(B) 根据句意,用所给单词的适当形式填空。

6.These tin bottles were collected for _____ (recycle).

7.In some countries such as India, shaking the head means _______ (agree).

8.In my hometown, we have _______ (reuse) some waste things for producing energy again.

9. _______ (nod) your head if you agree with me.

10.The earth is _______ (shake), and there must be an earthquake (地震)。

Ⅱ.英汉互译。(5分)

11.你们是怎样处理塑料袋的?

How do you deal with _____ _____?

12.那个小女孩的父母决定待在家里不出去了。

The girl’s parents have decided to stay home_____ _____ going out.

13.当你离开教室的时候, 应该随手关灯。

You _____ _____ turn off the lights when you leave the classroom.

14.说比做更容易。

_____ said than_____.

15.行动胜于言辞。

Well, _____ speak louder than _____.

Ⅲ.书面表达。(10分)

“保护环境,人人有责”,请以How to Be a Greener Person 为题,写一篇有关环保的短文,并适当发表你的看法。(80词左右)

听力材料

Topic 3

Ⅰ.听句子,选择正确图片。每个句子读一遍。

1.Turn off the lights when you aren’t using them.

2.You’d better walk or ride a bike instead of taking a bus or a taxi.

3.Don’t buy cups or boxes which people can use only once.

4.Don’t use plastic bags when you go shopping. You’d better use a basket.

5.Give old clothes to poor students in the countryside or reuse them.

Ⅱ.听对话,选择正确答案。每段对话读两遍。

6.M: Jenny, what do you do to help protect the environment?

W: I reuse plastic bags.

7.M: Mary, you look sad, please cheer up. Everything will be OK.

W: Thank you very much. I hope so.

8.M: Mom, listen! There is something outside.

W: Oh, nothing, dear. It’s just wind.

9.W: I don’t have any money. What about you?

M: I’ve run out of it, too.

10.W: I want to do volunteer work. What can I do?

M: I think you can help spread the message about protecting the environment.

Ⅲ.听短文,判断下面句子正(T)误(F)。短文读两遍。

Scientists are trying to make the desert into good land again. They want to bring water to the desert, so people can live there and grow crops. They are learning a lot about the desert. But more and more of the earth is becoming desert all the time. Scientists may not be able to change the desert in a short time.

Why is more and more land becoming desert? Scientists think people are doing bad things to the earth.

Some places on the earth don’t get much rain. But they still haven’t become desert. This is because some green plants are growing there. Small green plants and grass are very important to dry places. Plants prevent the sun from making the earth dry. Plants prevent the wind from blowing the dirt away. When a bit of rain falls, the plants hold the water. Without plants, the land can become desert easily.

Ⅳ.听短文,填空。短文读三遍。

The earth is our home. We must take care of it. Life today is easier than that of hundreds of years ago, but some new problems have appeared. One of the biggest problems is pollution. We can see it, smell it, drink it and even hear it. Man has polluted the earth. The more people, the more pollution. Many years ago, the problem wasn’t so serious because there were not so many people. Now man is slowly polluting the whole world.

 

参考答案

Topic 3

第一部分  听力

Ⅰ.1.C  2.A  3.E  4.B  5.D

Ⅱ.6.C  7.B  8.C  9.C  10.C

Ⅲ.11.T  12.T  13.F  14.T  15.T

Ⅳ.16.take care of  17.hundreds of  18.have appeared  19.the more  20.so many

第二部分  基础知识运用

Ⅰ. 1.B  本题考查一般现在时指将来,表示按日程表将要发生的动作或事件。故选B。

2.D  本题考查并列句,本句表示转折关系,or在这里意为“否则”,故选D项。

3.A  本题考查情态动词ought to,意为“应该,应当”,无人称、数和时态变化,后接

        动词原形。

4.C  本题考查并列句,本句表示转折关系,while有“而”的意思,故选C项。

5.A  rather为副词不直接接动词ing形式,while与but都接句子,有转折之意,instead of

        后接动词-ing形式,故选A。

6.A  so that 引导目的状语从句。故选A。

7.B  be supposed to意为“应该,理应”,同should同义,但形式不同,ough to是情态

        动词后接动词原形,故正确答案为B。

8.C  run意为“奔跑;控制;管理”,此处为“发动,使工作”的意思。其他选项均与题意不符。故选C。

9.C  at times有时,in time 及时,on time准时、按时,at the same time 同时。只有C

        项符合题意。

10.A  本题考查并列句,根据题意: 他很富裕,他也很幸福。而不表示因果关系,所以

               用and连接。

Ⅱ.11.D  12.G  13.E  14.C  15.B

Ⅲ. 16.B  由于选项在本句中作谓语而谓语应为动词,故排除A、C两项。ride bikes to work骑自行车去上班,故选B。

17.A  本句的if从句提示如果有更多的人骑自行车上班的话,那么就会减少汽车的数量

           以及对空气的污染。car是可数名词,故选能修饰可数名词的few的比较级。

18.B  本题考查have … for 表示“有为自行车而专设的特殊道路”。for在这里表示目的。

19.A  本句中有否定词no, 而yet多用于完成时态的否定句和疑问句中。

20.D  根据上下文看此处的含义是“并不是每个人都认为这是个好主意”。分析选项,

           只有idea符合题意。

21.D  either用于否定句末,表示“也”的含义;also也表示“也”之意,但用于肯定句中。

22.C  本题考查too … to … 句型,表示“太……而不能……”。

23.B  根据上下文此处应填something“有些事情”,用于肯定句;anything“任何东西”,

           用于否定句和疑问句;nothing“没有什么”,表示否定。

24.A  be closed to表示“对……关闭”,而be open to表示“对……开放”,由Something

           has been done about it. 可看出,此处应是禁止汽车入内的,所以选择A项。

25.B  本题用不定式作目的状语,而D项不符合题意,所以选择B项。

Ⅳ.(A)

文章大意: 日常生活中我们经常会使用一次性物品,尤其是塑料制品。扔掉的塑料制品越多,造成的污染就越重,给人类带来的危害就越多。为了我们的世界更美好,人人都应该从我做起,从小事做起。

26.T  由第二段“许多客人都喜欢这样,因为他们可以不用带自己的东西了。”一句总结得出。

27.F  北京的一些宾馆不再提供的是一次性生活用品而不是免费的电视节目。

28.F  塑料的分解需要100到400年的时间,所以说它分解很容易是错误的。

29.F  从After using a plastic bag, wash it out and let it dry. Then use it over and over again 得知“最好扔掉它”是错误的。

30.T  这也是本篇文章的作者所发出的呼吁,因此是正确的。

(B)

文章大意: 空气污染来源于工厂、发电站和汽车的尾气。混合于烟雾中的化学物

质对自然和人类造成了极大的伤害。

31.D  由文章的第一句话Air pollution comes from factories, power stations and cars. 中得知。

32.D  从And this“chemical rain”gradually destroys trees in the forests and kills fish in the

           lakes. 中得知chemical rain对环境有害。

33.B  考查分数表达法。a quarter 四分之一; a half 一半; three quarters 四分之三; a

           third 三分之一。

34.D  A、C两项为印度空气污染所造成的损害。B项本文未提及。

35.D  lose one’s sight 意为“失明”,故C项正确;人们接触到这种有害气体导致失明,

           证明这种气体有毒,故A项也正确。

(C)

36.A  由If you want to reduce waste, you should use things wisely. 一句可找到答案。

37.C  可乐罐子的回收再利用程序应为: 收集废旧的罐子—送到工厂—压平—熔化。

38.D  根据文章:A项扔掉旧衣服不符合再利用原则;B项应属于Recycle原则;C项属于Reduce原则。

39.D  repair意为“修理,修补”。D项的意思为: 如果椅子坏了,你可以修理它。符合

           Repair原则。

40.A  本文的中心思想主要围绕的是4R原则。

第三部分  写作

Ⅰ.(A)1.instead of  2.so that  3.electric  4.towels  5.offer

(B)6.recycling  7.agreement  8.reused  9.Nod  10.shaking

Ⅱ.11.plastic bags  12.instead of  13.ought to  14.Easier, done  15.actions; words

Ⅲ.参考范文:

How to Be a Greener Person

It’s our duty to protect the environment around us. The three Rs—reduce, reuse and recycle—are important. I think we’d better not buy bottles or boxes which people can only use once. We should turn off the lights when we are not using them. We can give old clothes to others to reuse them. When we go shopping, we’d better take a cloth bag rather than use plastic bags. We shouldn’t throw things away if they can be reused, repaired or recycled. It’s important for us to protect animals and plants. We are supposed to prevent the factory from pouring waste water into rivers, lakes and so on. If everyone is doing that, our world will become more and more beautiful.

 

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