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初中英语语法:名词考点  

2010-04-20 21:07:36|  分类: 【英语语法】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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本文转载自玉兔王子《名词考点》

玉兔王子名词考点

 

 

. 重难点讲解:

1. I found her sitting in the corner, reading _____ newspaper, with _____ in her eyes.

A. a, tear                          B. a piece of, tears

C. a, tears                         D. a piece of, tear

陷阱:误选D,许多学生错误地认为,既然news(消息)和 paper(纸)均为不可数名词,那么newspaper(报纸)也应是不可数的;同时认为“眼泪”即“泪水”,“水”不可数,“泪水”和“眼泪”也应该不可数。

分析:最佳答案为Cnewspaper tear均为可数名词,它们不仅可以连用不定冠词、可以用复数,而且还可以连用数词。

Her eyes filled with tears. 她热泪盈眶。

She dried her tears with a handkerchief. 她用手帕擦干了眼泪。

The newspapers were full of lies. 报纸上一片谎言。

A newspaper is a publication. 报纸是一种出版物。

顺便说一句,若不是将 newspaper 当作是供阅读或传递信息的一种东西,而只是把它当成一种“纸”来看待,也可用作不可数名词,如:

Wrap it ina sheet ofnewspaper. 把它用张报纸包起来。

2. Her father works as a ______ in a hotel and her mother a ______ in a private company.

A. cooker, typewriter           B. cook, typist

C. cooker, typist                 D. cook, typewriter

陷阱:误选A,许多同学想当然地认为:cook 用作动词,表示“煮饭”,所以 cooker 应是其相应的名词,表示“煮饭的人”,即“厨师”;type 用作动词,表示“打字”,所以 typewriter 应表示“打字员”。

分析:“而事实是:cook=厨师,cooker=炊具;typist=打字员,typewriter=打字机。即此题正确答案为B

3. “Why couldn’t they meet us at five o’clock?” “Because they were delayed by ________.”

A. heavy traffic                         B. heavy traffics

C. crowded traffic                      D. crowded traffics

陷阱:BCD三项均容易误选。

分析:对于此题,首先要明确traffic为不可数名词,没有复数形式,故排除BD。另外,汉语习惯说“交通拥挤”,而英语习惯上却不能用crowded 来修饰 traffic,要表示汉语的“交通拥挤”,英语通常说heavy traffic,即选A。如下面一题也是选A

She is not a competent driver and can’t cope with driving in _______.

A. heavy traffic                         B. heavy traffics

C. crowded traffic                       D. crowded traffics

4. In fact, _______ one cause that leads to the problem.

A. cattle is                          B. cattle are

C. cattles are                       D. the cattles are

陷阱:此题容易误选A,想当然地认为cattle是单数,并且空格有表单数的one,自然谓语动词用is

陷阱:其实,正确答案为Bcattle(牲畜,牛)为集合名词,尽管它不带复数词尾-s,却永远表示复数意义,若用作主语,谓语要用复数。又如:

For this many cattle were killed. 为此宰了不少牲畜。

The prisoners were herded like cattle. 囚犯像牲口一样被赶到一起。

类似地,police(警察),people(人),police(警察),poultry(家禽)等也具有同样用法,即只有单数形式,但却表示复数意义;用作主语时谓语通常也用复数;不与 an 连用,但可与the连用(表示总括意义和特指)。如:

The poultry have been fed. 家禽已经喂过饲料了。

In Britain police do not usually carry guns. 在英国警察通常不带枪。

It annoys me when people forget to say “thank you”. 遇到有人忘记道谢的时候,我就不痛快。

5. By all _______, you must try every _______ to help him.

A. mean, mean                    B. means, means    

C. means, mean                  D. mean, means

陷阱:误选C,认为第一空前有all修饰,故用means,而第二空前有every修饰,故用mean

分析:其实,means是一个单复数同形的名词,并且永远带有尾-s。换句话说,在表示“方式”、“方法”时,不存在mean这一形式(mean主要用作动词,表示“意思是”;也可用作名词,表示“中间”、“中庸”)。此题正确答案为Cby all means为习语,意为“一定”、“尽一切办法”。顺便说一句,means用作主语时,其谓语的数需根据句意来确定。比较:

All possible means have been tried. 所有可能的办法都已经试过了。

Every possible means has been tried. 每种可能的办法都已经试过了。

若句意不能明确地表明主语的单复数,其谓语则用单数或复数均可。如:

Is [Are] there any other means of getting more money? 还有其他什么办法可弄到更多钱吗?

6. Jim is ______ person, and everyone is willing to be ______ with him.

A. so kind a, friends            B. so a kind, friends

C. so kind a, friend              D. so a kind, friend

陷阱:误选CD。认为 friend要用单数。

分析:其实此题最佳答案为Aso kind a person相当于such a kind person,注意两者中冠词的位置不同。be friends with是习语,意为“与……友好”、“跟……做朋友”,与之同义的类似地还有make friends with。值得说明的是,这类短语中的名词总是用复数,即使句子主语为单数也是如此。如:

He is friends with me. 他与我是朋友。

He has made friends with everyone here. 他与这儿的每个人交上了朋友。

7. We already have ______ pencils, but we need two ______ pens.

A. dozen of, dozen              B. dozens of, dozens

C. dozens of, dozen             D. dozens of, dozen of

陷阱:误选 B

分析:此题最佳答案为C。关于dozen的复数是否加词尾-s的问题比较复杂,大致原则是:

1)当它与具体数字连用时,既不加复数词尾-s,也不后接介词of。尽管有的词书也有 two dozen of 这样的用例,但这已属过时用法,在考试中应避免,如1992年全国高考有一道单项选择题就认为two dozen of为错误选项:

Shortly after the accident, _____ police were sent to the spot to keep order.

A. dozens of                B. dozens    C. dozen of         D. dozen   [D]

2)当它不与具体数字连用,而是表示不确定的泛指数时,则不仅要加复数词尾-s,而且要后接介词 of,此时可将dozens of(许多,几十)视为习语。如:

I’ve been there dozens of times. 我去过那儿几十次。

She’s got dozens of boy-friends. 她的男朋友很多。

下面一例中的dozens加了复数词尾-s也属类似情况:

Pack them in dozens. 按打装袋吧。

3)当与 a few, several 等数目不很具体的词连用时,加不加复数词尾-s均可,但需注意:不加复数词尾-s时,其后的介词of可以省略;加词尾-s时,其后介词 of不能省略。如:

several dozen of pencils=several dozens of pencils几打铅笔

注:英语较少使用many dozen的说法,要表示类似意思可用dozens of

4)当它后面的名词受 the, these, those 等特指限定词修饰时,或其后接的是us, them这样的人称代词时,则此时必须用介词 of。如:

two dozen of these eggs 两打这种鸡蛋

three dozen of them 它们中的3

注:score, hundred, thousand, million等也具有以上类似用法。

8. She raised her finger to her lips as _____ for silence.

A. an idea                           B. a mark

C. a sign                             D. a word

陷阱:容易误选B

分析:应选Csignmark的区别是:sign 的意思是“迹象”、“征兆”gesture or movement made with the hand, head, etc, used to give information, a command, etc(用手或头等做出示意动作以传递信息或命令等),mark 的意思是 written or printed symbol or figure, line etc made as signor an indication of sth(书写与印刷的符号或图、线等记号)。根据此二词的语义区别以及常识可知答案为C。类似地,下面两题的答案也是C

1Those black clouds are a sure _____ that it’s going to rain.

A. thing                              B. mark

C. sign                               D. one

2 Just as a famous Chinese saying goes, a timely heavy snow is a ______ of good harvest next year.

A. mark                              B. track

C. sign                               D. appearance

但是,下面一题却不能选sign,也不能选mark,而选symbol(象征):

The lion is considered the king of the forest as it is an _____ of courage and power.

A. example                         B. sign

C. mark                              D. symbol

顺便说一句,在近几年的高考中像这类结合词义区别以及语境和生活常识进行考查的试题经常出现,同学们需引起注意。

9. “May I take your order now?” “We’d like three black _______ and two green _______.”

A. coffee, cups of teas         B. coffees, teas

C. cups of coffee, tea          D. cup of coffees, teas

陷阱:误选C,认为coffeetea均为不可数名词,不能后加复数词尾-s,从而排除选项ABD

分析:B。有的同学认为 coffee tea是物质名词,不可数,不能用 three coffees, two teas 这样的表达。其实,coffee既可用作不可数名词,表示“咖啡”这种物质,也可用作可数名词,表示“一杯咖啡”,即在口语中 three coffees 就等于 three cups of coffee。同样,“三杯茶”既可说成 three cups of tea,也可说成 three teas;“三杯啤酒”既可说成 three glasses of beer,也可说成 three beers

10. _____ is a good form of exercise for both young and old.

A. Walk                              B. Walking

C. The walk                        D. To walk

陷阱:容易误选AD

分析:最佳答案为B。分析如下:

1)首先,选项D不如选项B佳,因为,不定式通常表示特定的动作,而动名词才表示习惯性的动作。

2)尽管walk用作名词时可以表示“散步”,但它是可数名词,指的是一次一次的具体的散步,而不表示抽象意义或泛指意义的“散步”,要表示此义,要用动名词 walking。比较:

How about going for a walk? 出去散散步如何?

Walking does good to your health. 散步对你的健康有益。

类似地,dance dancing 以及 swim swimming 的区别也是一样:

1)名词的 dance表示“跳舞”,是可数名词,指的是一次一次的具体的跳舞,而不表示抽象意义或泛指意义的“跳舞”,要表示后者的意思,要用动名词转化来的名词 dancing。比较:

Let’s have a dance. 我们跳曲舞吧。

He is interested in dancing. 他对跳舞感兴趣。

2)名词的 swim表示“游泳”,是可数名词,指的是一次一次的具体的游泳,而不表示抽象意义或泛指意义的“游泳”,要表示后者的意思,要用动名词转化来的名词 swimming。比较:

She had a swim every day. 她每天游一会儿泳。

She loves swimming. 她喜欢游泳。

 

【典型例题】

1. Ten years had passed. I found she had _______.

A. a few white hairs            B. a little white hair

C. some white hair              D. more fifty hair

2.—Hi, this way, please.

—OK.I sometimes have no sense of ______ when I arrive at the crossroad.

A. position                          B. direction

C. situation                         D. condition

3. Shelly had prepared carefully for her English examination so that she could be sure of passing it on her first ________. 

A. intention                         B. attempt

C. purpose                          D. desire

4. I didn’t have to work all weekend — I did it by _______.

A. chance                           B. choice

C. accident                         D. myself

5. “Did you get _____ to the party?” “Yes, I replied to it this morning.”

A. an answer                      B. an invitation

C. a question                       D. a letter

6. I paid him 50 for the painting, but its true ______ must be at least 500.

A. price                              B. money

C. value                              D. importance

7. His letter was so confusing that I could hardly make any ______ of it.

A. explanation                     B. meaning

C. sense                             D. guess

8. You’ve just missed your ______, and you will have to wait for the next round.

A. chance                           B. turn

C. time                               D. part

9. —Li Lin is very bright and studies hard as well.

—It’s no ______ he always gets the first place in any examination.

A. question                         B. doubt

C. problem                         D. wonder

10. —How can I use this washing machine?

—Well, just refer to the _______.

A. explanations                    B. expressions

C. introductions                  D. directions

11. Jim was late for two classes this morning. He said that he forgot both of the ______.

A. rooms number                B. room number

C. room’s numbers             D. room numbers

12. —Hello, I’d like to speak to Henry.

—Oh, which _______? There are two ______ in our office.

A. Henrys, Henrys            B. Henries, Henries

C. Henry, Henrys             D. Henrys, Henries

13. Electricity, like other forms of ______, has greatly increased in price in recent years.

A. pressure                         B. force

C. strength                         D. energy

14. In order to learn the _______ of the family business, Bill took a job as messenger boy in one of the offices.

A. ins and outs                    B. dos and don’ts

C. heads and tails                D. t’s and i’s

15. —I’ve got an “A” in the examination. 

—That’s a good ______. You will surely win a second.

A. result                             B. news

C. start                               D. idea

答案与解析:

1. Ahair 可用作可数或不可数名词,用作可数名词时,指一根一根的毛发或头发,如说 There’s a hair in my soup (我的汤里有根头发);用作不可数名词时,则是整体地指一个人的头发。

2. B。需根据句意来分析。have no sense of direction 意为“没有方向感”。

3. B。需根据句意来分析。attempt 在此表示“尝试”。

4. B,由于上文说 didn’t have to work,所以下文相应的语境应是 did it by choice。类似地,下面一题应选D,也是因为choice与下文的have to do it 相呼应:

Were you given a _____, or did you have to do it?

A. job                                 B. duty

C. request                           D. choice

5. B。注意其后的 to the party replied to it

6. Cvalue 指“价值”。

7. Cmake sense of 意为“明白”、“理解”。比较:make sense 意为“有意义”、“意思清楚”、“有道理”。如下面一题选D

What he told us about the situation simply doesn’t make any ______.

A. use                                B. reason

C. value                              D. sense

8. Bmiss one’s turn 意为“错过机会”,注意下文的 …have to wait for the next round 所表示的语境。

9. Dit’s no wonder +that从句)的意思是“难怪”,也可说成 No wonder +that从句)。

10. Ddirections 的意思是“使用说明”,空格前的 refer to 意为“查看”、“参考”。

11. Droom 为无生命名词,不用 room’s 这样的所有格形式,在此可直接用名词作定语。类似地,下面一题要选B,也是一样的道理(名词作定语通常用单数不用复数):

The boy was very happy that his mother bought him a new pair of shoes at a ______ yesterday.

A. shoes shop  B. shoe shop  C. shoes’s shop  D. shoe’s

12. C。在通常情况下,专有名词具有“独一无二”性,因此它通常没有复数形式,即不可数。但是,专有名词的独一无二性有时是相对的,随着范围的扩大,这种独一无二性便会受到破坏。如在一个星期(week)内,只有一个星期六(Saturday), 一个星期日(Sunday)等,但是在一个月中甚至一年中,便有多个星期六,多个星期日了。所以我们有时可以说:We have spent many happy Sundays there. 我们在那儿度过了许多个愉快的星期日。另外一点值得注意的是,与一般的名词单数变复数不同,以“辅音字母+y”结尾的专有名词,其直接加词尾-s,而不将y改为i

13. D。从常识来考虑,electricity 属于 energy,结合全句的语境,只有D最合适。同样地,下面一题从常识和语境来考虑也应选D

1Some countries are increasing their use of natural gas,  and other forms of ______.

A. source                           B. material

C. power                            D. energy

2The ______ has become extremely tense. A war could break out any time between the two sides.

A. pollution                         B. friendship

C. condition                        D. situation

14. Ains and outs 意为“细节”,dos and don’ts 意为“注意事项”,heads or tails 为掷钱币打赌时用语,意为“你赌正面还是赌反面”,p’s and q’s主要用于 mind one’s p’s and q’s,意为“留意自己的言行”。结合句意,选A最合适。

15. C。从语法上看,news 不可选,因为它不可数;从意义上看,D不可选,因为选D意思不通;比较AC,选C最合适,因为 start与下文的 a second 相吻合。

 

【参考资料】

(一)考纲要求

名词应掌握以下内容:分清名词的可数性与不可数性;可数名词有单复数,有些名词只有复数;物质名词、抽象名词不可数但可以具体量化使用;名词所有格和of格的语言现象;名词直接作定语;国家名词的正确使用;名词词义的区分和搭配;单位名词的搭配;名词前的修饰语so, as, quite等;time及常考点。

 

(二)命题导向

名词的“可数”与“不可数”是高考命题的热点之一。不可数名词前不能与不定冠词连用,之后不能加-s。有些抽象名词却有复数形式,但意义与原来词不同。有些可数名词复数有两个意思,一个与单数意义相同,另一个和单数含义不同,高考中这些含义很可能成为考查的内容。词语的固定搭配及名词作定语也是高考命题的注意点。

 

(三)知识概要

英语的名词分为专有名词和普通名词两大类。专有名词是指个人、团体、地方、机构或事物等所专有的名称,它的第一个字母必须大写。如:Einstain, Beijing, Asia等。普通名词是指一类人、一类事物、某种物质抽象概念的名称,可分为:个体名词(可数,如:worker, father, book, tree, school等);集体名词(可数,如:people, family, class, team等);物质名词(不可数,如:iron, paper, snow, water, chalk, gold等);抽象名词(不可数,如:life, thought, idea, strength等)。

注意:可数、不可数是英文名词和中文名词的一个重要差异——即学习的重点。而很多英语名词具有双重性。即,名词的类别不是固定不变的,它们会根据词义的变化和场合的不同而相互转换,其名词类别的转换可归纳如下:

1. 个体名词转抽象名词或抽象名词转个体名词

eg.

Our school is not far from my home.(个体)我们学校离我家不远。

School is over at six.(抽象)六点钟放学。

2. 物质名词转个体名词或个体名词转物质名词

       eg.

He broke a piece of glass.(物质)他打破了一块玻璃。

He broke a glass.(个体)他打破了一个杯子。

3. 个体名词转专有名词

       eg.  

His father is a teacher.(个体)他父亲是个教师。

“What are you doing there?” Father asked.(专有)“你在那儿干什么?”父亲问道。

 

(四)名词的数

名词分为可数(有单、复数形式)和不可数名词(只有单数形式)。

1. 可数名词单数变复数:

一般加s lesson → lessons, pen → pens

s, x, ss, ch, sh, o结尾的加es buses, boxes, classes, watches, brushes, hero → heroes

但有些以o结尾的名词,是加s构成复数:kilo → kilos, piano → pianos, radio → radios,

photo → photos, zoo → zoos

以辅音字母 + y 结尾的改yi,再加es city → cities, story → stories

f fe结尾的,一般将ffe改为v,再加es knife → knives, leaf → leaves

但有些以f 结尾的名词,是在f后加s,构成复数形式:belief → beliefs, roof → roofs, safe(保险箱)→ safes, proof(证据)→ proofs, chief → chiefs, handkerchief → handkerchiefs

2. 有些名词,不按上述规则构成其复数形式,有以下几种情况:

单复数形式相同:Chinese, Japanese, deer, sheep

不规则变化:man → men, woman → women, goose → geese, foot → feet, tooth → teeth, child → children, mouse → mice, ox → oxen 。但是,German → Germans

复合名词的复数形式:editor-in-chief → editors-in-chief, daughter-in-law → daughters-in-law, grown-up → grown-ups, woman teacher → women teachers, man driver → men drivers

3. 注意以下几个名词单复数问题

物质名词一般不用复数形式,但有些物质名词要用复数形式来表示不同的类别,如:fishes各种鱼,fruits各种水果,steels各种钢材。

物质名词表示数量时,一般用表示数量的短语来表示。如:a cup of tea, three bags of apples, four pieces of bread

有些抽象名词的复数形式表示不同的含义。如:work(工作)→ works(著作),arm(手臂)→ arms(军火),glass(玻璃)→ glasses(眼镜),cloth(布)→ clothes(衣服)。

定冠词加上姓氏的复数形式,表示全家人或夫妇二人;姓氏的复数形式前不加冠词,则表示若干个姓……的人。如:the Wangs王家,three Wangs三个姓王的。

只用作单数的复数形式的名词。如:physics, mathematics, news, the United States

有些名词形似单数,但实为复数。如:police, people, cattle

有些名词如被看作整体时就作单数用,如被看作组成该集体的各个成员时就作复数用。如:class, family, couple, audience, government, public

有些抽象名词在具体化时,可以复数形式出现。表示特指时,可和定冠词连用;表示“某种”或“一次”意义时,可和不定冠词连用。如:How did you smooth away the difficulties?(指各种具体困难);It is a great pleasure to talk with you.What a surprise!

 

(五)名词的所有格

名词的所有格在句中表示所有关系,作定语用。

1. 有生命名词的所有格一般在词尾加上“”或“‘s”。如:Tom’s bike, Engles’s Engles’ works, a works’ school, Women’s Day, the editor-in-chief’s office

2. 如果一个事物为两个人所有,只在后一个名词的词尾加“‘s”,如果不是共有,就要在两个名词的词尾都加上“‘s”。如:Tom and Mike’s room.(共有),Tom’s and Mike’s books.(不共有)。

3. 表示时间、距离、国家、城市的无生命名词,可以在词尾加“‘s”或“”表示所有格,如:today’s papers, ten minutes’ walk

4. 表示店铺或某人的家时,常在名词所有格之后省去shop, house, home。如:the tailor’s

5. 无生命名词的所在格通常用of短语来表示。如:the window of the room

6. 表示有生命的名词有时也可用of短语来表示所有关系,而且当该名词带有较长的定语时。如:the teachers of the No. 1 Middle School.

7. 双重所有格结构前的被修饰名词通常指整体中的部分或一个,双重所有格只能用于有生命的名词,这个名词是确定的。被修饰名词前有不定冠词、指示代词、疑问代词、不定代词或数词等限定词时,一般只能用双重所有格。如:an old friend of my uncle’s, a daughter of Mrs Green’s, the house of one of my friends

 

(六)名词的普通格作定语

表材料、地点、用途、性质、泛指时间、整体等普通名词可以作定语,一般用单数形式。

eg. stone figures(石像);paper money(纸币);country music(乡村音乐);table cloth(桌布);river bank(河岸);school gate(校门口);book stores(书店);traffic lights(交通灯);summer holidays(暑假);evening dress(晚礼服)。

但在个别情况下,也有需用复数的。

eg. sports meet(运动会);the United States government(美国政府);students reading-room(学生阅览室);goods train(货车);two men doctors(两个男医生)。

 

【模拟试题】

1. The ____ of the room were covered with ____.

A. roofs, leafs               B. roofs, leaves             C. rooves, leafs             D. rooves, leaves

2. There are three ____ in our factory.

       A. woman doctors         B. women doctors         C. woman doctor          D. women doctor

3. Which do you prefer ____ or ____?

       A. potatos, tomatos                     B. potatos, tomatoes     

C. potatoes, tomatos             D. potatoes, tomatoes

4. They are ____ of different presses(出版社). Now they are having a meeting in one of the ____ office.

       A. editor-in-chiefs, editors-in-chief’s                  B. editors-in-chief, editor-in-chief’s

       C. editors-in-chiefs, editor’s-in-chief’s               D. editors-in-chief, editors-in-chief’s

5. The ant has two ____.         

A. stomaches         B. stomacks           C. stomach            D. stomachs

6. He doesn’t like ____ for supper.                

A. chick         B. chicken      C. chickens    D. chicks

7. It was ____ hot weather that many of us went swimming.

       A. so                            B. such                        C. so as                        D. such a

8. ____ wonderful space they saw on the room!

       A. How                        B. How a                      C. What                       D. What a

9. We know ____ travels not so fast as light.

       A. sound                      B. sounds                            C. the sounds                D. a sound

10. My family raise a lot of ____, including two ____.

A. cattle, cows                     B. cows, cattle                     C. cattles, cows            D. cow, cattles

11. A number of soldiers ____ at he camp gate(军营门口).

       A. have gathered           B. has gathered             C. is                             D. was

12. The Browns have spent a large ____ of money on their new car.

       A. deal                         B. amount                     C. number                    D. size

13. ____ work has been done to improve the people’s living standard.

       A. Many                       B. A great many             C. A great deal of           D. A number of

14. Mr Li shook ____ warmly with a friend.

       A. hand                        B. a hand                      C. hands                       D. the hands

15. Two ____, please.      

A. coffee        B. coffees              C. cup of coffee            D. cups coffee

16. I can’t pay as ____ as he asked for.

       A. high price a                     B. high price                 C. a high price                     D. high a price

17. ____ knowledge of space develops rapidly.      

A. Man’s        B. Men’s   C. Mens’    D. Person’s

18. I stayed at ____.        

A. Xiao Wang’s      B. Wang’s home     C. the Wangs    D. home of Wang

19. Sister Carrie works in a ____ factory.       

A. shoes         B. shoses        C. shoe     D. shoe’s

20. Have you ever read ____?

       A. today newspaper                     B. newspaper today             

C. newspaper of today          D. today’s newspaper

21. Two ____ walk didn’t made me tired.

A. hour          B. hours         C. hour’s        D. hours’

22. The mother over there is ____ mother.

       A. Julia and Mary                 B. Julia and Mary’s       

C. Julia’s and Mary’s            D. Julia’s and Mary

23. Li Ming’s handwriting is better than ____ in the class.

       A. anyone’s                  B. anyone else               C. anyone’s else’s          D. anyone else’s

24. The children are playing ____ on the ____.

       A. sand, sand                B. sands, sands             C. sand, sands                     D. sands, sand

25. If these trousers are too big, buy a smaller ____.            

A. set      B. one     C. copy   D. pair

26. Tom usually takes a ____ in bus on rainy days.        

A. walk   B. ride     C. trip     D. travel

27. We have no ____ about where she has gone.

       A. information               B. news                        C. message                   D. flash

28. Food and ____ are daily necessities(需要)for the people.

       A. cloth                        B. clothe                       C. clothes                            D. clothing

29. My ____ of hearing is not so good as it used to be.         

A. strength  B. sense  C. power D. skill

30. The ____ caused by carelessness ____ yesterday. Many workers were killed.

       A. incident, was happened                                 B. matter, happened             

C. event, was taken place                                  D. accident, took place

31. The room was so quiet that she could hear the ____ of her heart.

       A. beating                     B. ways                        C. knocking                  D. striking

32. ____ has been told not to throw waste things anywhere.

       A. The public                B. People                      C. Women                    D. Man

33. He was an ____ in the government ____.

       A. office, official           B. official, office           C. officer, office           D. official, officer

34. There are several ____ in this novel who are different in ____.

       A. character, character          B. characters, characters      

C. character, characters        D. characters, character

35. We visited him ____ when he was in hospital.

       A. every other days              B. each other day          C. every other day         D. every two day

36. My friend will return in ____.

       A. one day or two         B. a day or two             C. one day or two         D. a or two days

37. ____ is always difficult for me.         

A. Translation               B. Translate                  C. The translation          D. A translation

38. ____ of this novel is excellent, quite to my surprise.

       A. Translation               B. Translate                  C. The translation          D. A translation

39. The police ____ looking into the matter now.           

A. be       B. is        C. are      D. are going to

40. The Chinese are ____ brave and hard working people.            

A. the     B. a         C. /         D. one

41. No news ____ good news.               

A. is               B. are             C. have          D. has

42. Maths still ____ very difficult for me, though I have done my best.

       A. looks                       B. seems                      C. is                             D. are

43. “Where ____ my trousers?” the boy asked.             

A. is        B. was           C. were     D. are

44. How happy they are! Obviously, they are ____.

       A. in nice spirits            B. in nice spirit              C. in high spirits            D. in high spirit

45. I saw many ____ seated in the corner reading something.

       A. Japanese                  B. Japaneses                 C. of Japanese                     D. of Japaneses

46. Father went to his doctor for ____ about his heart trouble.

       A. an advice                  B. advice                      C. advices                    D. the advices

47. We are ____ and they are ____.                             

A. Englishmen, Germans             

B. Englishmen, German        

C. Englishmans, Germans           

D. Englishmen, Germen

48. ____ are made of ____.

       A. A glass, a glass                 B. Glasses, glass          

C. The glass, the glass          D. Glasses, glasses

49. I’ll have to buy ____ trousers.                 

A. a        B. two     C. a pair of     D. a couple of

50. There are two ____ in our class.       

A. Liu            B. Lius           C. Liu’s          D. Lius’

51. ____ is needed in cold countries.

       A. A lot of clothes          B. Much clothing           C. Many a cloth            D. Lots of clothes

52. They are ____.                  

A. mathematics student               

B. mathematic students

       C. students in mathematics          

D. mathematics students

53. The laboratory assistant recorded the ____ reactions(反应).

       A. mouses’                   B. mice                        C. mices’                            D. mice’s

54. This letter was sent by ____.

A. my father friend                      B. my father friend’s     

C. a friend of my father’s             D. a friend of my father

55. Ten years had passed. I found she had ____.    

A. a little white hair        B. some white hair        

C. a few white hair               D. a few white hairs

56. I have made ____ with Billy.             

A. friends              B. friend         C. a friend             D. the friend

57. The population of Beijing is ____ than that of Xi’an. 

A. more   B. larger  C. fewer  D. small

58. There are thirty-two ____ in our school.

       A. woman teacher                B. women teacher        

C. women teachers               D. woman teachers

59. He had tried everything but it made little______ . 

A. use                       B. good                     C. difference             D. result

60. You must get there within half an hour. There should be no______ in sending the blood to the dying man.

A. wait                      B. delay                     C. time                      D. hurry

61. Enough of it! Nobody here thinks what you are saying should make any______ .

A. excuse                   B. sense                     C. use                       D. value

62. How dare you play on such thin ice?

   Playing on ice is not my ______of spare time.

A. idea                       B. thought                 C. mind                     D. intention

63. Helen said she would like to go to Atlanta by air, but I wonder if she has enough money to pay for the______ .

A. travel                    B. tourism                 C. journey                 D. course

64. One splendid mountain______ followed another during our journey from Mieheel more to Rurunz.

A. view                     B. glance                   C. screen                   D. scene

65.The new law will come into ___on the day it is passed. 1999上海)

A. effect                  B. use                     C. service               D. existence

66. When you play’ football, what ______do you play?

A. situation                 B. place                     C. part                      D. position

67. It’s important for us to employ a word or a phrase according to the ______ in language studies.

A. situation                B. expression             C. condition               D. translation

68. I wrote him a letter to show my ______of his thoughtfulness.

A. achievement          B. agreement             C. view                      D. appreciation

69. One of the advantages of living on the top floor of a high-rise is that you can get a good______ .

A. sight                     B. scene                     C. view                     D. look

70. Nowadays natural gas, wind and other forms of ______are widely used in the country.

A. energy                  B. force                    C. power                   D. materials

71. ______with foreign countries can bring us much information about the world.

A. Contrast                B. Competition           C. Contact                 D. Combination

72. We all know that ______ speak louder than words.

A. movements           B. performances        C. operations              D. actions

73. We have worked out the plan and now we must put it into ___.NMET1997 38

A. fact                    B. reality                 C. practice              D. deed

74. We’ve missed the last bus. I’m afraid we have no ____but to take a taxi.Met 1993 ,33

A. way                   B. choice                 C. possibility           D. selection

75. He dropped the ___and broke it . Met 1993, 38

A. cup of coffee      B. coffee’s cup        C. cup for coffee     D. coffee cup

76. Here’s my card. Let’s keep in ____. NMET1994 ,33

A. touch                        B. relation                C. connection          D. friendship

77. He gained his ___by printing ___of famous writers.NMET1995,40

A. wealth; work                B. wealths ; works     C. wealths; work       D. wealth; works

78. I’ll look into the matter as soon as possible , just have a little ___.MET 1996 ,10

A. wait                   B. time                   C. patience                   D. rest

79. If by any chance someone comes to see me, ask them to leave a ____.NMET1997,18

A. message             B. letter                  C. sentence             D. notice

80. These football players had no strict ___until they joined our club. 1997.上海 20

A. practice              B. education            C. exercise              D. training

81. Many countries are increasing their use of natural gas, wind and other forms of ___.1996.上海.15

A. energy                B. source                C. power                D. material

82. You’ll find this map of great __in helping you to get round London.NMET 1998 21

A. price                  B. cost                   C. value                  D. usefulness

83. We all know that ___speak louder than words.1999.上海 24

A. movements           B. performances        C. operations           D. actions

84. My parents always let me have my own ____of living. 1999.上海25

A. way                   B. method                C. manner               D. fashion

 

 

 

名词考点 - 知识改变命运 - 武城实验中学---知识改变命运


【试题答案】

1~5 BBDDD            6~10 BBCAA               11~15 ABCCB             16~20 DAACD 

21~25 DBDCD        26~30 BADBD            31~35 AABDC             36~40 BACCB 

41~45 ABDCA         46~50 BABCB             51~55 BDDCD            56~60 ABCCB 

61~65 BACAA         66~70 DADCA            71~75 CDCBD             76~80 ADCAD 

81~84 ACDA

 

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